Islam & Christianity

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in the Old Testament

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in the Old Testament

The Qur'an mentions in Surah Al-Araf chapter 7 verse 157:

"Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures) in the law and the Gospel".

Almighty God speaks to Moses in Book of Deuteronomy:

"I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and I will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him."

[The Bible, Deuteronomy 18:18]

The Christians say that this prophecy refers to Jesus (pbuh) because Jesus (pbuh) was like Moses (pbuh). Moses (pbuh) was a Jew, as well as Jesus (pbuh) was a Jew. Moses (pbuh) was a Prophet and Jesus (pbuh) was also a Prophet.

If these two are the only criteria for this prophecy to be fulfilled, then all the Prophets of the Bible who came after Moses (pbuh) such as Solomon, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Malachi, John the Baptist, etc. (peace be upon them) will fulfill this prophecy since all were Jews as well as prophets.

However, it is Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) who is like Moses (pbuh):

  1. Both had a father and a mother, while Jesus (pbuh) was born miraculously without any male intervention.
    [The Bible, Mathew 1:18 and The Bible, Luke 1:35 and also Al-Qur'an 3:42-47]

  2. Both were married and had children. Jesus (pbuh) according to the Bible did not marry nor had children.

  3. Both died natural deaths. Jesus (pbuh) has been raised up alive. (Al-Qur'an 4:157-158)

  4. Muhammad (pbuh) is from among the brethren of Moses (pbuh). Arabs are brethren of Jews. Abraham (pbuh) had two sons: Ishmail and Isaac (pbut). The Arabs are the descendants of Ishmail (pbuh) and the Jews are the descendants of Isaac (pbuh).

  5. Words in the mouth:

    Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was unlettered and whatever revelations he received from Almighty God he repeated them verbatim.

    "I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him."

    [The Bible, Deuteronomy 18:18]

  6. Both besides being Prophets were also kings i.e. they could inflict capital punishment.

    Jesus (pbuh) said, "My kingdom is not of this world."

    [The Bible, John 18:36]

  7. Both were accepted as Prophets by their people in their lifetime but Jesus (pbuh) was rejected by his people.

    He came unto his own, but his own received him not.

    [The Bible, John 1:11]

  8. Both brought new laws and new regulations for their people. Jesus (pbuh) according to the Bible did not bring any new laws. [The Bible, Mathew 5:17-18]



It is mentioned in the book of Deuteronomy


"And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not harken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him."

[The Bible, Deuteronomy 18:19]


Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is prophesised in the book of Isaiah


"And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned."

[The Bible, Isaiah 29:12]

When Archangel Gabriel commanded Muhammad (pbuh) by saying Iqra i.e. "Read", he replied, "I am not learned".



Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is mentioned by name in the Old Testament

Hebrew text of the Bible: "Hikko Mamittakim we kullo Muhammadim Zehdoodeh wa Zehraee Bayna Jerusalem."

"His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is ALTOGETHER LOVELY. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem."

[The Bible, Song of Solomon 5:16]

In the Hebrew language "im" is added for respect. Similarly "im" is added after the name of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to make it Muhammadim. In English translation they have even translated the name of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) as "altogether lovely", but in the Old Testament in Hebrew, the name of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is yet present.

Since name does not need to translate into English so the translated verse should be like this:

"His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is Muhammad. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem."

[The Bible, Song of Solomon 5:16]
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